American Wrestling Association (AWA) - yapita koma osaiwala

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Verne Gagne anali katswiri wodziwa masewera komanso masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe chidwi chake chidamupangitsa kuti adzipange yekha, American Wrestling Association (AWA) imodzi mwazomwe adalimbikitsa kwambiri ku North America nthawi ya 1960 ndi 1970's. AWA idzadziwika kuti ndi malo apamwamba komanso opindulitsa kwa ogwirira ntchito.

Kuphatikiza apo, wotsatsa komanso mwini Verne Gagne amaphunzitsa ena mwa mayina akulu kwambiri omenyera nkhondo kuphatikiza Ric Flair, The Iron Sheik, Jim Brunzell, Ricky Steamboat, ndi Curt Hennig. Ngakhale AWA idatseka mu 1991, imakumbukiridwabe bwino ndi iwo omwe adakulira akuyiyang'ana.

Verne Gagne anali wothamanga waluso kwambiri, wopambana pamasewera akusekondale kuphatikiza mpira ndi wrestling. Gagne adalembedwa ku University of Minnesota koma adachoka kukatumikira ku Marines pankhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse, akusewera mpira ndikuphunzitsa zodzitchinjiriza. Atamutumikira, Gagne adabwerera ku koleji, ndikupambana maudindo angapo omenyera nkhondo kuphatikiza mipikisano ya AAU ndi NCAA. Popeza anali ndi luso lomenya nkhondo, siziyenera kudabwitsa kuti adasankhidwanso m'malo mwa gulu lomenyera Olimpiki yaku US mu 1948.





momwe mungauzire wina momwe mumamvera za iwo

Gagne adasewera Chicago Bears koma adasankha kumenya nkhondo atapatsidwa chigamulo ndi mwini wake wa Bears George Halas (kumenya nkhondo kunali kopindulitsa kwambiri). Gagne sanayang'ane m'mbuyo, ndikukhala m'modzi mwa akatswiri opambana kwambiri mu wrestling nthawi ya Golden Age ya Wrestling m'ma 1950. Munthawi imeneyi, Gagne adapatsidwa mpikisanowu ku United States, kuti ateteze sabata iliyonse ku Dumont Network (imodzi mwama network atatu akuluakulu panthawiyo).

Mutuwu udawonedwa ngati wachiwiri kwa National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Heavyweight Championship, koma olimbikitsa ena a NWA adawona ngati chowopsa, kuwopa kuti mwina angasokoneze mafani omwe ndi lamba wapamwamba. Izi zitha kupweteketsa Gagne panjira, koma panthawiyo, Gagne adatchuka pa kutchuka kwake, kuvomereza zopatsa thanzi ndikuwonjezera chuma chake.



Ngakhale akatswiri ambiri akuneneratu kuti Verne anali Mtsogoleri wa NWA World Heavyweight Champion mtsogolo, adazindikira kuti nthawi sizichitika. Gagne adaganiza zotenga njira ina. Monga wolemba mbiri womenya nkhondo a Tim Hornbaker:

Gagne anali patsogolo pamalingaliro opanga bungwe lodziyimira palokha lomwe limagwirizana ndi NWA m'magawo ambiri koma linali ndi akatswiri awo ndi malangizo. Ndi Wally Karbo, adagula magawo a banja la a Stechers mdera la Minneapolis (Minneapolis Boxing ndi Wrestling Club) ndikupanga American Wrestling Association.

Chifukwa cholemba nkhani, akuluakulu a AWA adapatsa mtsogoleri wa NWA, Pat O'Connor masiku 90 kuti ateteze lamba wake ku Gagne. Pomwe vutoli lidalephera kuchitika, Verne adalengezedwa kuti ndi mtsogoleri wa AWA mu Ogasiti 1960. (236-37).



AWA akhoza kukhala paubwenzi wapamtima ndi NWA, ngakhale atasiyana ndi olimbana nawo. Angasinthanitsenso maluso nawo komanso World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF).

Gagne adzagwira AWA World Heavyweight Championship maulendo khumi, ndipo pomwe ena amamutsutsa chifukwa chodzisungitsa ngati katswiri, palibe amene anganene kuti Gagne amatha kukopa anthu. Gagne ankadziwanso kuti sayenera kuda nkhawa ndi mavuto ochokera kwa yemwe anali mtsogoleri wawo wapadziko lonse lapansi, kapena mdani yemwe amadzipangira malonda pomwe Gagne amatha kudzitchinjiriza. Kaya otsutsa adagwirizana kapena kusankha kwa Gagne ngati mtsogoleri, kupambana kwa AWA kudalankhula zokha.

AWA idatsimikizira kukhala hotbed kwa osakwatira ndi talente yamagulu am'magulu azaka zapakati pa 60, 70, komanso 80's. Pomwe Gagne adachita World Championship ya AWA maulendo khumi, nthano monga Fritz Von Erich, Mr M (aka Dr. Bill Miller), Mr X (aka Wowononga), Mad Dog Vachon, Crusher, Dick the Bruiser, ndi Nick Bockwinkel adanyamula Mpikisano wapadziko lonse wa AWA kamodzi kapena kangapo. Kuphatikiza apo, nyenyezi zambiri zidapikisana nawo pa mpikisano wa AWA mdera lakwawo komanso akunja (monga ku Japan).

Monga kukwezedwa kulikonse koyendetsa bwino, AWA idapereka nyenyezi zingapo zolimbana, ndikupatsa mafani osiyanasiyana pawonetsero. AWA inali ndi akatswiri azamaukadaulo monga Verne Gagne, Nick Bockwinkel, ndi Brad Rheingans, komanso idali ndi omwe anali olimbana nawo kuphatikiza The Crusher, Dick the Bruiser, Mad Dog Vachon, The Butcher Vachon, ndi Bobby Duncum. Kutsatsa kumeneku kunadzitamandira ndi nyenyezi zazikulu kuposa moyo monga Wahoo McDaniel, Billy Graham, komanso Hulk Hogan.

Mndandandanda wa AWA munali magulu akuluakulu nthawi zonse, zochita zodziwika bwino monga The High-Flyers (Jim Brunzell ndi Greg Gagne), Ray Stevens ndi Pat Patterson, The Texas Outlaws (Dick Murdoch ndi Dusty Rhodes), Larry Hennig ndi Harley Race, The Vachon Brothers, ndi The East-West Connection (Adrian Adonis ndi Jesse Ventura).

Fans sanafune talente kapena kusiyanasiyana mu AWA. Kutsatsa kumeneku kunalinso oyang'anira ngati Bobby Heenan ndi Sheik Adnan Al-Kaissie, komanso omwe adalengeza za Gene Okerlund, Lord James Blears, ndi Rod Trongard.

momwe mungalekerere kufunafuna chilimbikitso mu chibwenzi

AWA idawonedwa ngati kampani yotchuka yogwirira ntchito ndi omenyera akuti akusangalala ndi zolipira zabwino kwambiri mu bizinesi. Ntchitoyi inali yopepuka (ngakhale kuyenda nthawi yozizira kumakhala kovuta). M'malo mwake, Nick Bockwinkel amamuwona ngati NWA World Heavyweight Champion koma adasankha kukhalabe AWA World Heavyweight Champion chifukwa malipirowo anali ofanana ndipo ndandanda ya AWA ndiyopepuka.

Pomwe Gagne adzadzudzulidwa pambuyo pake pantchito yake chifukwa chobwerera m'mbuyo, mbiri ikuwonetsa kuti atha kukhala wopanga luso. Gagne adapanga nawo kanema wa 1974 Wrestler, wokhala ndi nyenyezi zingapo za AWA (kuphatikiza Gagne mwini). Zinadalira nkhani yakale ya osewera okalamba omwe akuyang'anizana ndi wachinyamata wampikisano, komanso kagawo kakang'ono ka zigawenga zomwe zikufuna kukonza masewerawo.

Kanemayo anali ntchito yochititsa chidwi, ndipo ngakhale inali ndi nthabwala, idatenga gawo lalikulu pamutu wake. Kanemayo adachita masewera olimbirana ngati masewera ovomerezeka, kusunga kayfabe komwe sikunali kodabwitsa chifukwa iyi inali nthawi yomwe kayfabe adatetezedwa ngati njira yoyambirira ya Colonel Sanders.

AWA inali yamphamvu kuposa kale pamene ma 1980 adazungulira. Ngakhale Verne Gagne anali atapuma pantchito ngati ngwazi yapadziko lonse lapansi, adapikisana nawo nthawi ndi nthawi ndikupitilizabe kutchula mayina odziwika kwambiri pakulimbana. Komabe, pofika 1983, Gagne adakumana ndi mavuto atatu- kulephera kumvetsetsa bwino mpikisano wa mwini watsopano wa WWF, Vincent Kennedy McMahon, wopondereza kwambiri pa nyenyezi zakale, komanso kulephera kuzindikira kusintha kwa bizinesi.

Gagne adaphunzira momwe a Vince McMahon angakhalire ankhanza atafunsidwa za kupuma pantchito ndikugulitsa AWA ku WWF. Malinga ndi buku la Sex, Lies, and Headlocks, Verne atayesa kukambirana, McMahon adamuuza kuti, Verne, sindimakambirana (Assael ndi Mooneyham 20). Gagne angakumane ndi mdani wosaleka. Kwa zaka makumi ambiri, olimbikitsa kumenya nkhondo anali atagwira ntchito mogwirizana ndi mgwirizano wamwamuna momwe adagwirira ntchito mdera lawo, ndikuwachotsa mdera lawo.

Monga mgwirizano uliwonse, panali zosiyana, koma Vince McMahon atagula WWF kwa abambo ake, adaponya malamulowa pazenera, monga chidendene chomenyera chimakhala chimodzimodzi. McMahon adayamba kugula nyenyezi zotsutsana nawo, nthawi yawo pa TV, komanso ngakhale madera omwe ankalimbikitsa kumenya nkhondo.

M'buku lake, Inside Out: How Corporate America Destroyed Professional Wrestling, Ole Anderson amakumbukira kuchenjeza Verne Gagne zaukali za Vince McMahon, kungoti Gagne amuuze mwachinyengo kuti sizingachitike.

Malinga ndi Anderson, Patadutsa maola awiri, Verne adalandira foni kuchokera kwa munthu yemwe amamuyang'anira ku San Francisco. Mnyamatayo adati, 'Verne, tangotaya TV.' (Anderson ndi Teal 227). Mofanana ndi omwe adalimbikitsa nawo ku NWA, Gagne adaphunzira mopweteketsa mtima momwe bizinesi yolimbana ikusinthira.

zizindikiro zakusakhwima m'maganizo mwa mwamuna

Vuto lachiwiri kwa Gagne linali kupitiriza kwake kukakamiza nyenyezi zakale, kuwakankhira motsutsana ndi nyenyezi zazing'ono zomwe zimawulula zofooka zawo. Pamene Gagne mochenjera adasaina Road Warriors (timu yotentha kwambiri ya wrestling panthawiyo), machesi awo motsutsana ndi omenyera nkhondo ngati Crusher ndi Dick the Bruiser adapangitsa kuti nyenyezi zomwe zidakhazikika ziwoneke zofooka kuyambira pomwe a Road Warriors adagulitsa zocheperako kuposa magulu azikhalidwe.

AWA idavutikanso chifukwa Verne Gagne adavutika kuwona zatsopano pamikangano. Zoterezi, kulakwitsa kwa Gagne polola Hulk Hogan kudutsa zala zake. M'mbiri yake, Hollywood Hulk Hogan, Hogan akuti adachoka ku AWA chifukwa chakukangana pazamalonda ndipo Gagne akufuna kuchuluka kwa malipiro a Hogan kuchokera kumaulendo ake ku Japan. Awiriwa atalephera kukwaniritsa mgwirizano, Hogan adavomera zomwe Vince McMahon adachita kuti alowe nawo WWF ndikukhala WWF Champion.

Nkhani zina zimati Gagne sankafuna kuyika lamba kwa osamenya nkhondo. Gagne adalemba ganyu Hogan pomwe adadziwika kwambiri (chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake mu Rocky III ndikuwonekeranso ku The Tonight Show) ndipo adathandizira Hogan kukulitsa maluso ake, koma pamapeto pake, kuwona kwa Gagne kudamupangitsa Hogan kupita ku WWF . Ngakhale pomwe adasaina Road Warriors, Gagne adalephera kuwona kuthekera kotsutsana ndi Fabulous Freebirds.

Gagne akuti adamva chidendene motsutsana ndi chidendene sichingagulitse, ngakhale a Road Warriors, omwe Gagne adasungitsa zidendene, akusangalatsidwa. Pofika nthawiyo, Gagne adasungitsa masewera pakati pa Warriors ndi 'Mbalame; ankhondo anali akutuluka mu AWA.

AWA sanamwalire Hogan atachoka, komabe. Gagne adapitilizabe kulimbikitsa kwa zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri zotsatira, kukhazikitsa nyenyezi zatsopano monga Curt Hennig (tsogolo Mr Perfect), Scott Hall, ndi Midnight Rockers (Shawn Michaels ndi Marty Jannetty). Gagne nayenso adalumikizana ndi zotsatsa zina mu pulogalamu ya TV ya Pro Wrestling USA, ntchito yayifupi yopanga nkhondo ya WWF. Gagne adapitilizabe kuyendetsa AWA, koma malinga ndi Kutsutsana kwa Eric Bischoff Kumapanga Cash, Gagne adawotcha ndalama zake kuti ziziyenda bwino.

Mgwirizano wa pa TV ndi ESPN udamupangitsa kuti awoneke padziko lonse lapansi, koma AWA idapitilizabe kutaya nyenyezi ku WWF. Momwe bizinesi ikuchepa, Gagne anali ndi njira zochepa zowasungira mu AWA. A Eric Bischoff amakumbukiranso kuti a Gagne anali mgulu lamilandu ndi boma la Minnesota chifukwa chachuma chomwe adalanda kuchokera kudera lodziwika bwino. Gagne adadalira malowa ngati ndalama zothandizira AWA. Chuma cha Gagne chinali tsoka. Potsirizira pake, kugulitsa matikiti kunafika poipa kwambiri kotero kuti Gagne adachita ziwonetsero zake mu nyumba yopanda kanthu.

Imfa ya AWA inali yochedwa ndipo mosakayikira inali yopweteka kwa aliyense wokonda nthawi yayitali kuti ayang'ane. Mu 1991, Gagne adatseka AWA. Komabe, cholowa chake chikupitilirabe, chifukwa chokumbukira mafani, WWE kuisunga yamoyo pa WWE Network, ndi makanema monga The Spectacular Legacy ya AWA.

Zomwe Verne Gagne adachita pomenya nkhondo ngati wogwira ntchito komanso wolimbikitsa adadziwika ndikulowetsedwa kwake mkalasi ya WWE's 2006 Hall of Fame. Gagne adalemekezedwanso ndikulowetsedwa mu WCW's Hall of Fame mu 1993 komanso Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame mu 2004.


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